A manic episode is defined by the DSM as a period of one week with abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irratible mood.
and may also have the following symptoms (at least 3 or more) are persistent:
- inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
- decreased need for sleep
- more talkative than usual or pressure to keep talking
- flight of ideas or racing thoughts
- increase in goal-directed activity
- excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have high potential for painful consequences
To meet clinical standards these symptoms also must cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
The condition is also not caused or explained by the following:
- A mixed episode (which includes rapid mood swings)
- Due to effects of drugs or medication
- Due to a medical condition
|Mood disorders as diagnosed by the DSM edit|
|Mood episodes: Major depressive episode • Manic episode • Mixed episode • Hypomanic episode|